Study Title: The Lumbar and Sacrum Movement Pattern During the Back Squat Exercise
Authors: MR McKean, PK Dunn & BJ Burkett
Journal: Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research
Date: October 2010
McKean MR et al. (2010). The lumbar and sacrum movement pattern during the back squat exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(10); 2731-2741
This recent paper by Gabriele Wulf and colleagues investigated the potential factors involved in motor skill learning. Particularly focusing on the influence several variables may have on the learning and performance of specific motor skills as they pertain to the medical field, a review of the literature was performed. Fortunately, the following factors may be applied to a wide range of settings and be of use by those in education, rehabilitation, and sports performance...to name a few. It was suggested that learning can be particularly enhanced when the learner's motivation is optimized.
Learning: "a relatively permanent change in a person's ability to perform a skill"
PRACTICE THAT IS SELF-CONTROLLED
As you can see, there are no shortage of methods for us as rehabilitation and exercise professionals to become more effective "teachers". In utilizing some of the above principles in the strategies we employ, we may become more effective practitioners and facilitate better means of motor skill acquisition.
Reference: Wulf G, Shea C & Lewthwaite R. (2010). Motor skill learning and performance: a review of influential factors. Medical Education, 44; 75-84
Study Title: Yoga for Persistent Pain: New Findings and Directions for an Ancient Practice
Authors: A Wren, M Wright, J Carson & F Keefe
Wren AA et al. (2011). Yoga for persistent pain: New findings and directions for an ancient practice. Pain. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2010.11.017
Study Title: Stabilizing Function of the Diaphragm: Dynamic MRI and Synchronized Spirometric Assessment
Authors: P Kolar, J Sulc, M Kyncl et al.
Journal: Journal of Applied Physiology
Date: August 2010
Kolar, P et al. (2010). Stabilizing function of the diaphragm: Dynamic MRI and synchronized spirometric assessment. Journal of Applied Physiology, 109; 1064-1071
Study Title: Return-to-Play in Sport: A Decision-Based Model
Authors: DW Creighton, I Shrier, R Shultz, WH Meeuwisse & GO Matheson
Journal: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Date: September 2010
Complete resolution of symptoms "cannot be considered in isolation” when determining return to play
Creighton DW, Shrier I, Shultz R, Meeuwisse WH & Matheson GO. (2010). Return-to-play in sport: A decision-based model. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 20(5); 379-385
Study Title: Cryotherapy to Treat Persistent Muscle Weakness After Joint Injury
Authors: C. Kuenze & J.M. Hart
Journal: The Physician and Sportsmedicine
Date: October, 2010
Kuenze, C. & Hart, J.M. (2010). Cryotherapy to treat muscle weakness after joint injury. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 3 (38), 38-42.
Study Title: Immediate effect on pain thresholds using active release technique on adductor strains: Pilot study.
Authors: A. Robb & J. Pajaczkowski
Journal: Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies
Date: January 2011
Robb, A. & Pajaczkowski, J. (2011). Immediate effect on pain thresholds using active release technique on adductor strains: Pilot study. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 15, 57-62
Study Title: Low back pain in young athletes
Authors: L. Purcell & L. Micheli
Journal: Sports Health
Date: May / June 2009
Purcell, L. & Micheli, L. (2009). Low back pain in young athletes. Sports Health. Vol. 1 (3): 212-222
This past week my most recent review was posted on Research Review Service, a site specifically for health care professionals of manual and rehabilitative therapy. The Influence of Reduced Hamstring Length on Patellofemoral Joint Stress During Squatting in Healthy Male Adults by Whyte et al was published earlier this year in Gait Posture.
Here's a brief summary of the study:
For a complete and "evidence-informed" understanding of the study, check out my review. I have obviously left out specifics from this study in this post as Research Review Service is a paid membership site. However, if you would like more information, please do not hesitate to ask.
Here's a brief summary of an excellent paper by Boudreau et al from Manual Therapy.
The purpose of this paper was to summarize several important aspects of motor-skill training for enhancing musculoskeletal rehabilitation.
Cortical Neuroplasticity: a dynamic feature of life that encompasses functional or morphological change in properties of neurons (connection strength, represenational patterns, neuron reorganization.
It is hypothesized that motor-skill training can influence the direction of change in cortical neuroplasticity.
Potential effects of motor-skill training:
Methods of Optimizing Rehabilitation:
The above information was derived from a multitude of studies and demonstrates that motor-skill training may positively influence cortical neuroplasticity in musculoskeletal rehabilitation